The agriculture sector is a driving force in most
countries. It supports the local economy and adds to a country’s GDP. It is a
good employer of skilled and unskilled labor contributing 1/3 the labor force.
In rural areas, it is the main source of livelihood and of
great importance to the local community. Third world countries have failed to
utilize the great potential to transform the economy.
Farming is still rural-based with smallholder farms
providing 90% of produce. An important sector agriculture is the feed mill.
Feed mill business is very lucrative and capital intensive. An entrepreneur
needs determination, courage, and tenacity.


There are different challenges that contribute to a poor
harvest and slow growth of the sector. Challenges include poor government
intervention, climatic change, and lack of fertilizer.
Others include reliance on manual labor, high energy
prices. Funding is a major hindrance to the development of the sector. This is
because there is a huge financial gap in the industry.
The rural farmers are poor illiterates with no knowledge
of modern trends. Other mitigating factors are lack of adequate water supply,
inadequate utilities, unable to afford farming machinery.
•   Poor Government intervention
•   Climatic Change
•   Lack of Fertilizer
•   Reliance on Manual labor
•   High Energy prices
•   Low Funding is a major hindrance
•   Rural Farmers are poor illiterates
•   No Knowledge of modern trends
•   Lack of Adequate water supply
•   Inadequate Utilities
•   Unable to Afford farming machinery

Feed Formulation and milling

The primary function of a mill is fed formulate. The feed is
an important food for livestock and commercial fish production.
Formulating high-quality grain would position the factory
for profitability. The cost of the grain should be competitive to meet
customers demand.


Funding is a huge challenge for feed mills. An average
feed mill requires about N10 million to operate. To acquire funds use personal
savings, a partnership of borrow. The loan should be low interest, long-termed.

Acquire machinery

The type of machinery will determine the level of
production. Purchase high-quality machinery and employ highly skilled
The machinery you need are mixers, conveyors. Others include
crusher machine, feed mixing machine.
•  Feed Mixing machine
•  Crusher Machine
•  Mixer
•  Conveyor

Hire Professionals

The feed mill business requires skilled professionals.
Hire experts in the field to work in the production area.

Source raw material

The source of the raw material would affect the quality
of the feed. Buy only quality grains free of insecticides or other
preservatives. The main difficulty is the seasonal nature of the raw materials, therefore, getting the right mix is difficult offseason.
Other challenges are fluctuating prices of raw material
and the cost of transportation. Always strive for quality to differentiate your
product. Make sure the feed for the commercial fish farmer or chickens are of
high quality.

Types of raw materials

Sourcing the right material is very important. Common
ingredients are palm kernel cake, soya beans. Others are limestone, rice grains, and maize offal.
•  Palm Kernel cake
•  Soya beans
•  Limestone
•  Rice Grains
•  Maize Offal

Waste Management

Waste from the factory on the environment should be
minimal. Feed formulation does not generate harmful waste.
There is a huge demand for quality feed. Most feeds in the
market is low quality so good feed easily stands out.
Farmers are ready to pay the extra cost for faster growth
of their livestock. A small feed mill can sell an average of 200 bags per day.